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Verbs in Spanish

Verbs in Spanish

Verbs are words that describe an action, state or occurrence in a sentence.

In Spanish verbs are divided into the following modes; indicative, conditional, imperative and subjunctive.

- The indicative tense is used to refer to actions that take place in the present.

- The conditional is used for events that are not guaranteed to occur; often dependant on certain conditions.

- The imperative is used to express either an affirmative or negative  order, requests or prohibitions.

- The subjunctive is used to convey ideas, hope or doubt.

Verbs in Spanish


Spanish verbs are classified according to their endings -ar, -er, -ir.
Example:

Hablar (To speak)
Comer (To eat)
Vivir (To live)

Infinitive Verbs


An infinitive verb is a verb that is not conjugated (i.e. not in any particular tense).

In Spanish the infinitive verbs are divide into two parts: stems and endings.

Stem Ending
Habl ar
Com er
Viv ir

 

Regular and Irregular Verbs


Regular verbs are those that do not have changes in their stems when they are conjugated.

Example in present indicative-
Hablar (To speak)

Yo   Hablo -  I speak
Tú   Hablas - You speak
Él / Ella/ Usted   Habla - He / She / You (formal) speak
Nosotros   Hablamos - We speak
Vosotros   Habláis - You (plural) speak
Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes   Hablan - They / You (formal plural) speak

Irregular verbs have changes in their stems when they are conjugated.

Example in present indicative:
Tener (To have)

Yo   Tengo -  I have
Tú   Tienes - You have
Él / Ella/ Usted   Tiene - He / She / You (formal) has
Nosotros   Tenemos - We have
Vosotros   Tenéis - You (plural) have
Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes   Tienen - They / You (formal plural) have

 

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