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Preposition 'a' and 'de'

Preposition 'a' and 'de'

A preposition is a word that connects the elements of a sentence.

 

Preposition 'a'


This is used in a variety of ways:

1. Use the preposition 'a' to indicate when an action directs a person, animal or any life form.

- Tú hablas a Luis.
You speak to Luis.

- Encuentro a mis amigos.
I meet my friends.

2. To indicate a direction.

- Lucas camina a la playa.
Lucas walks to the beach.

- Ellos suben a la montaña.
They climb the mountain.

3. After verbs of movement (for example 'ir', 'venir', 'volver' and 'salir') and the word that follows it is a name or pronoun.

- Vamos a Guatemala.
We go to Guatemala.

- Vuelvo a América.
I return to America.

4. Contraction.

A + el = al (to the / at the)

- Vamos al cine.
We go to the cinema.

- Vienen al mercado.
They come to the market.

Preposition 'de'


This is used in a variety of ways:

1. Express origen.

- Miguel es de Cuba.
Miguel is from Cuba.

- Yo soy de Guatemala.
I am from Guatemala.

2. Express possession.

- El perro de María.
Maria's dog.

- El carro de Guilermo.
Guilermo's car.

3. Materials that make a thing.

- La bata es de seda.
The robe is made of silk.

- La curry es de pollo.
The curry is chicken.

4. Contraction. 

De + el = del (of the / from the)

- Ellos llegan del estadio.
They come from the stadium.

- Mi amiga sale del salón de belleza.
My friend leaves the beauty salon.

 

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