Verbs are words that indicate an action or emotion within a sentence. In Spanish verbs are divided into the following modes; indicative, conditional, imperative and subjunctive.
The present indicative tense is used to refer to actions that take place in the present.
Verbs are classified according to their endings:
Hablar (To speak)
Comer (To eat)
Vivir (To live)
An infinitive verb is a verb that is not conjugated in any tense. Infinitive verbs are divided into two parts: stems and endings:
For present indicative tenses, there are regular and irregular verbs.
- Regular verbs do not change their stems when conjugated.
- Irregular verbs change their stems when conjugated.
Regular verbs that end in -AR:
|Él / Ella / Usted||Habla||He / She / You (formal) speak|
|Vosotros||Habláis||You (plural) speak|
|Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes||Hablan||
They / You (formal plural) speak
Regular verbs that end in -ER:
|Él / Ella / Usted||Come||He / She / You (formal) eat|
|Vosotros||Coméis||You (plural) eat|
|Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes||Comen||They / You (formal plural) eat|
Regular verbs that end in -IR:
|Él / Ella / Usted||Vive||He / She / You (formal) live|
|Vosotros||Vivís||You (plural) live|
|Ellos / Ellas / Ustedes||Viven||They / You (formal plural) live|